This project demonstrated the feasibility of using vestibular sensory substitution to aid persons with bilateral vestibular dysfunction and other balance disorders. Experimental results are published.
- Y. P. Danilov, M. E. Tyler and K. A. Kaczmarek, Vestibular sensory substitution using tongue electrotactile display, in Human Haptic Perception: Basics and Applications, M. Grunwald, Ed. Basel, Switzerland: Birkhauser Verlag, pp. 467-480, 2008.
- Y.P. Danilov, M.E. Tyler, K.L. Skinner, R.A. Hogle, and P. Bach-y-Rita, Efficacy of electrotactile vestibular substitution in patients with peripheral and central vestibular loss, J. Vestib. Res., 16:119-130, 2007.
- M. Tyler, Y. Danilov and P. Bach-y-Rita, Closing an open-loop control system: Vestibular substitution through the tongue, J. Integrat. Neurosci., 2:159-164, 2003.
This technology is known as the BrainPort™ Balance Device by Wicab, Inc.