Paul Bach-y-Rita's Books

Dr. Paul Bach-y-Rita has invested an enormous amount of time in his life into writing and sharing the theory and facts about his research of neuroplasticity, sensory substitution, and neuromodulation. If you wish to learn more about these fields of study, please explore the list of Dr. Bach-y-Rita's books and chapters in books by other authors. 

Books and Symposia

  1. Bach-y-Rita, P. and C.C. Collins (eds.). The Control of Eye Movements.  Academic - Press, New York, pp. 560, 1971.
  2. Bach-y-Rita, P. Brain Mechanisms in Sensory Substitution. Academic Press, New York, 1972.  Spanish Edition: Mecanismos Cerebrales de la Sustitucion Sensorial. Editorial Trillas, Mex.  D.F., pp. 214, 1979.
  3. Lennerstrand, G. and P. Bach-y-Rita (eds.). Basic Mechanisms of Ocular Motility and Their Clinical Implications.  Pergamon Press, Oxford, pp. 584, 1975.
  4. Levy, J. and P. Bach-y-Rita. Vitamins, Their Use and Abuse. Liveright Press (Norton), New York, pp. 278, 1976.
  5. Bach-y-Rita, P. (ed.). Recovery of Function: Theoretical Considerations for Brain Injury Rehabilitation.  H. Huber, Publ., Bem, Switzerland, pp. 278, 1980.  Italian edition: Recupero Funzionale: Considerazioni Teoriche in Relazione alla Riabilitazione della Cerebrolesione.  Edizione Brenner, Cosenza, 1983. Japanese edition, Kyodo Isho, 1995.
  6. Bach-y-Rita, P. (ed.). Symposium on Rehabilitation Following Brain Damage: Some Neurophysiological Mechanisms. Int. Rehabil. Med. 4:165-199, 1982.
  7. Bach-y-Rita, P. and G. Jansson (eds.). Symposium on Sensory Substitution.  Intern.  J. Neuroscience 19:1-83, 1983.
  8. Balliet, R. and P. Bach-y-Rita (eds.). Symposium on Visual Rehabilitation.  Int.  Rehabit.  Med. 5:105-138, 1983.
  9. Bach-y-Rita, P. (ed.). Traumatic Brain Iniury.  Demos Medical Publications, New York, pp. 331, 1989.
  10. Bach-y-Rita, P. Nonsynaptic Diffusion Neurotransmission and Late Brain Reorganization. Demos Medical Publications, New York, 1995.

Book Chapters 

  1. Bach-y-Rita, P. A tactile vision substitution system based on sensory plasticity.  In Visual Prosthesis: The Interdisciplinary Dialogue, T.D. Sterling, E.A. Bering, Jr., S.V. Pollack, H.G. Vaughn, Jr. (eds.); New York: Academic Press, pp. 281-290, 1971.
  2. Bach-y-Rita, P. and C.C. Collins. Sensory substitution and limb prosthesis. In Advances in External Control of Human Extremities, N.M.     Gavrilovic and A.B.Wilson, Jr. (eds.); Dubrovnik: Etan, 9-21, 1970.
  3. Bach-y-Rita, P. Neurophysiology of eye movements. In The Control of Eye Movements, P. Bach-y-Rita and C.C. Collins (eds.); New York: Academic Press, pp. 7 45, 1971.
  4. Bach-y-Rita, P. Neural substrates of sensory substitution. In Pattern Recognition on the Biological and Technical Systems, R. Klinke and O.J. Grusser (eds.); Berlin: Springer Verlag, pp. 130-142, 1971.
  5. Collins, C.C. and P. Bach-y-Rita.  Prosthesis. In McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, D.N. Lapedes et al. (eds); New York: McGraw-       Hill, pp. 348-349, 1971.
  6. Bach-y-Rita, P. Separate central and peripheral mechanisms controlling slow and fast eye movements.  In The Oculomotor System and Brain Function, V. Zikmund (ed.); London: Butterworths, pp. 89-100, 1973.
  7. Bach-y-Rita, P. Sensory substitution-neural mechanisms underlying prosthetic applications.  In Neural Organization and its Relevance to Prosthetics, W.S. Fields (ed.); Miami, Florida: Symposia Specialists, pp. 149-164, 1973.
  8. Bach-y-Rita, P. Brain plasticity. Proc.1974 San Diego Biomedical Symposium, vol. 13, pp. 1-5, 1974.
  9. Bach-y-Rita, P. Somatosensory system: a tactile vision substitution system.  In Brain Function and Malnutrition: Neurophysiological Methods of Assessment, J.W. Prescott, M.S. Read and D.B. Coursin (eds); New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp. 393-401, 1975.
  10. Bach-y-Rita, P. Plastic brain mechanisms in sensory substitution.  In Cerebral Localization., K.J. Zulch (ed.); Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 313-327, 1975.
  11. Bach-y-Rita, P. Plasticity of the nervous system.  In Cerebral Localization, K.J. Zulch (ed.); Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 203-216, 1975.
  12. Bach-y-Rita, P. Structural-functional correlations in eye muscle fibers: Eye muscle proprioception.  In Basic Mechanisms of Ocular Motility and Their Clonical Implications, G. Lennerstrand and P. Bach-y-Rita (eds.); Oxford, England: Pergamon Press, Ltd., pp. 91-111, 1975.
  13. Bach-y-Rita, P. Hirnplastizitat und sensorische substitution.  Mannheimer Formun, 76/77; Boehringer Mannheim, pp. 89-144.
  14. Bach-y-Rita, P. Brain plasticity demonstrated by sensory substitution and stroke studies. In Contemporary Aspects of Cerebrovascular Disease, G.M. Austin (ed.); Dallas, Texas: Professional Information Library, pp. 87-93, 1976.
  15. Bach-y-Rita, P. Tactile vision substitution system.  In The Effects of Blindness and Other Impairments on Early Development, Z.S. Jastrzembska (ed.); New York: American Foundation for the Blind, pp. 122-129, 1976.
  16. Bach-y-Rita, P. Los diferentes tipos morfologicos de fibras musculares en los muscolos extraoculares.  Proc.  V Congresso do Conselho Latinoamericano de Estrabismo; Sao Paulo, Brazil, pp. 44-46, 1976.
  17. Bach-y-Rita, P. Comments on central nervous system plasticity.  In Proc.  Second World Congress of the International Rehabilitation Medicine Association, pp. 761-776, 1976.
  18. Bach-y-Rita, P. Transferencia de la teoria entre el laboratorio y la clinica - experiencia in el Smith-Kettlewell Institute.  Proc. V Congresso do Conselho Latinoamericano de Estrabismo; Sao Paulo, Brazil, pp. 165-177, 1976.
  19. Bach-y-Rita, P. Outlook.  In Rehabilitation of the Visually Disabled and the Blind at Different Ages, P. Gloor and R. Bruckner (eds.); Bern, Switzerland: H. Huber, pp. 136-143, 1980.
  20. Bach-y-Rita, P. Brain plasticity as a basis for therapeutic procedures.  In Recovery of Function: Theoretical Considerations for Brain Injury Rehabilitation, P. Bach-y-Rita (ed.); Bern, Switzerland: H. Huber, pp. 225-263, 1980.
  21. Bach-y-Rita, P. La plasticite cerebrale: son apport dans la conception de la reeducation de l'hemiplegie. Rev. Readapt. Fonct. Prof. Soc. 7:24-30, 1981.
  22. Bach-y-Rita, P. Editor's Concluding Remarks (see ref. #20), pp 264-268.
  23. Bach-y-Rita, P. Sensory substitution in rehabilitation. In Rehabilitation of the Neurological Patient, L. Illis, M. Sedgwick & H. Granville (eds.); Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications, pp. 361-383, 1982.
  24. Bach-y-Rita, P. Rehabilitation versus passive recovery of motor control following central nervous system lesions. In Motor Control Mechanisms in Health and Disease, J.E. Desmedt (ed.); New York: Raven Press, pp. 1085-1092, 1983.
  25. Bach-y-Rita, P. Foreword. In The Right Hemisphere: Neurology and Neurophsychology, A. Ardila and F. Ostrosky-Solis, (eds); New York: Gordon and Breach Science Pub., pp. ix-x, 1984.
  26. Bach-y-Rita, P. The relationship between motor processes and cognition in tactile vision substitution. In Cognition and Motor Processes, W. Prinz & A.F. Sanders (eds.); Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, pp.150-159, 1984.
  27. Bach-y-Rita, P. and B. Hughes. Tactile vision substitution: some instrumentation and perceptual considerations. In Electronic Spatial Sensing for the Blind, D. Warren and E. Strelow (eds.); Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Martinus-Nijhoff Pub., pp.171-186, 1985.
  28. Bach-y-Rita, P. Sensory substitution: practical and theoretical considerations. In Contemporary Psychology: Biological Processes and Theoretical Issues, J. McGaugh (ed.); B.V. North Holland: Elsevier Science Publishers, pp. 243-249, 1985.
  29. Bach-y-Rita, P. Meccanismi neurali del recupero dopo danno cerebrale.  In Rieducazione Motoria del Cerebroleso Adulto, N. Basaglia (ed.); Padova; Liviana Editrice, pp. 27-28, 1985.
  30. Bach-y-Rita, P. Foreword. In The Learning of Motor Control Following Brain Damages Experimental and Clinical Studies, T.W. Mulder (ed.); Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger; Berwyn: Swets North American, 1985.
  31. Bach-y-Rita, P. The process of recovery from stroke. in Stroke Rehabilitation, M.E. Brandstater and J.V. Basmajian (eds.); Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins Co., pp. 80-108, 1987.
  32. Bach-y-Rita, P. The role of rehabilitation in revealing latent neuroplasticity. In Neuroplasticity a New Therapeutic Tool in the CNS Pathology . R.L. Masland, A. Porters-Sanchez and G. Toffano (eds.); Padova: Liviana Press; Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 159-166, 1987.
  33. Bach-y-Rita, P. and R. Balliet. Recovery from stroke. In: Stroke Rehabilitation: The Recovery of Motor Control, P.W. Duncan and M. Badke (eds.); New York: Year Book Publishers, pp. 79-107, 1987.
  34. Bach-y-Rita, P. Vision substitution for blind children in Mexico. In: Spirit of Enterprise: The 1987 Rolex Awards, D.W. Reed (ed.); Bershire, U.K.: Van Nostrand Reinhold, Ltd., pp. 39-41, 1987.
  35. Bach-y-Rita, P. and R. Girard. Que les aveugles voient et que les sourds entendent, avec la substitution sensorielle. In Journees de Reducation de Montpellier, Actualites en Reducation; Paris: edit. Masson, pp. 16-20, 1988.
  36. Dombovy, M. and P. Bach-y-Rita. Clinical observations on recovery from stroke. In Basis for Functional Recovely in Neurological Disease, S.G. Waxman (ed.); New York: Raven Press, pp. 265276, 1988.
  37. Bach-y-Rita, P., J. Lazarus, M. Boyeson, R. Balliet and T. Myers. Neural aspects of motor function as a basis of early and post-acute rehabilitation. In Principles and Practice of Rehabilitation Medicine, J.A. DeLisa (ed.); Philadelphia: J.P. Lippincott, pp. 175-195, 1988.
  38. Bach-y-Rita, P. Sensory substitution and recovery from "brain damage." In Brain Injury and Recovery: Theoretical and Controversial Issues, S. Finger, T.E. LeVere, C.R. Almi and D.G. Stein (eds.); New York: Plenum Press, pp. 323-334, 1988.
  39. Bach-y-Rita, P. Brain plasticity. In Rehabilitation Medicine, J. Goodgold (ed.); St. Louis: C.V. Mosby Co., pp.113-118, 1988.
  40. Bach-y-Rita, P. A conceptual approach to neural recovery. In: Traumatic Brain Injury P. Bach-y-Rita (ed.); New York: Demos       Publications, pp. 81-85, 1989.
  41. Bach-y-Rita, P. Thoughts on the role of the mind in recovery from brain damage. In Machinery of the Mind, E.R. John, T. Harmony, L. Prichep, M. Valdez-Soza and P. Valdez-Soza (eds.); Boston: Birkhauser, pp. 353-359, 1990.
  42. Bach-y-Rita, P. Thoughts on the role of volume transmission in normal and abnormal mass sustain functions. In Volume Tranmission in the Brain, K. Fuxe and L.F. Agnati (eds.); New York: pp. 489-496, 1991.
  43. Bach-y-Rita, P. Plasticity of the nervous system: importance in medical rehabilitation practice. In Clinical Advances in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, F.J. Kottke &  E.A. Amate (eds.), Washington D.C.: Pan American Health Organization, pp. 58-78, 1991.
  44. Bach-y-Rita, P., and J. de Pedro-Cuesta. Neuroplasticity in the aging brain: development of conceptually based neurologic rehabilitation.  In Rehabilitation Medicine, A. Molina, J. Parreno, J.S. Martin, E. Robles, and A. Moret (eds.), Amsterdam: Exerpta Medica, pp. 5-12, 1991.
  45. Bach-y-Rita, P. Haptic device for access to computer graphics by blind computer users. In Access to Computer Systems by Blind Persons. P.L Emiliani and A. Parreno, (eds.), EEC Community Concerted Action on Technology and Blindness, Royal National Inst for Blind, London, pp. 11-15.
  46. Bach-y-Rita, P Applications of principles of brain plasticity and training to restore function. In Principles and Practice of Restorative Neurology, R. R. Young & P. J. Delwaide (eds.), London: Butterworth & Co., pp. 54-64, 1992.
  47. Bach-y-Rita, P. Tactile Displays. In Society of Information Display International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, Playa del Rey,CA: Society for Information Display, pp. 87-89, 1992.
  48. Bach-y-Rita, P. Volume (Extrasynaptic) Transmission. In Neuroscience Year Supplement 3 to the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, G. Adelman & B. Smith (eds.), Boston:Birkhauser Boston, pp. 174-175, 1992.
  49. Bach-y-Rita, P. and E.W. Bach-y-Rita. Psychosocial and environmental factors in recovery of function following brain damage: possible neural mechanisms.  In Ann. Readaptation Med.  Phys., 35:315-319, 1992.
  50. Bach-y-Rita, P. Tactile Displays. In Society of Information Display International Symposium.  Digest of Technical Papers, Playa del Rey,CA: Society for Information Display, pp. 87-89, 1992.
  51. Bach-y-Rita, P. and E. Wicab Bach-y-Rita.  Biological and psychosocial factors in recovery from brain damage. In Neuropsychological Rehabilitation. N.V. Steinbuchel, D.V. Cramon, E. Poppel (eds.), Berlin:Springer, pp. 36-40, 1992.
  52. Bach-y-Rita, P., A.W. Brown, J.-A.C. Lazarus and R. Balliet. Neural aspects of motor function as a basis of early and post-acute rehabilitation.  In  J. DeLisa (ed.), Philadelphia: J.B. Lipincott, pp. 381-403, 1993.
  53. Bach-y-Rita, P. (1994). Sensory substitution, volume    transmission and rehabilitation: emerging concepts. In L. S. Illis (Eds.), Neurological Rehabilitation (pp. 457-468) Oxford, Blackwell.
  54. Bach-y-Rita, P., McGinn, M., Anderson, D., Roszkowski, J., & Parent, J.-      A. (1994). Late rehabilitation following brain damage: the NMRC      experience. In C. N. Simpkins (Eds.), Guide to Understanding,  Evaluating and Presenting Cases Involving Traumatic Brain Injury, For Plaintiffs Lawyers, Defense Lawyers and Insurance Company  Representatives. National Head Injury Foundation. (pp. 175-182). Washington, D.C.: National Head Injury Foundation.
  55. Bach-y-Rita, P., & Sampaio, E. (1995). Substitution sensorielle chez les adultes et les enfants aveugles. In Y. Christen, M. Doly amd M-T. Droy-         Lefaix, Eds., Vision et Adaptation  pp. 108-116, Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  56. Bach-y-Rita, P. (1996). Substitution sensorielle et qualia. In J. Proust (Ed.), Perception et Intermadalité, (pp. 81-100). Paris: Presses             Universitaires de France.Translation: Sensory substitution and qualia. In Noe & E. Thompson (Eds.), Vision and Mind, . Cambridge: MIT Press.
  57. Bach-y-Rita, P. (1995). Rehabilitation following brain damage: conceptual and practical issues. In O. Kayhan, Z. Guven, & N. Ozaras            (Eds.), Congress on Rehabilitation Medicine, (pp. 13-19). Bologna: Monduzzi.
  58. Bach-y-Rita, P. 1995 Det centrala nersystemets plasticitet. In O. Höök,ed, Rehabiliterings Medicin, Stockhjolm, Alqvist & Wiksell, pp 54-61.
  59. Bach-y-Rita, P. (1996). Plasticnost Mozga. In F. Gracanin (Ed.),  Neurofizioloske Osnove Rahabilitacije Bolesnika Poslije Mozdane       Lezije, (pp. 31-42). Ljubljana: Tiskarna Bori, Ljubljana.
  60. Bach-y-Rita, P. (1999). Nonsynaptic diffusion neurotransmission. In G. Adelman & B. Smith (Eds.), Encyclopeia of Neuroscience, (2nd ed., pp.      1483-1585). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  61. Bach-y-Rita, P. (2000). Conceptual issues relevant to present and future neurologic rehabilitation. In H. Levin & J. Grafman (Eds.), Neuroplasticity and reorganization of function after brain injury, (pp. 357-379). New York: Oxford University Press.
  62. Bach-y-Rita, P., & Tyler, M. (2000). Tongue man-machine interface. In J. D. Westwood, H. M. Hoffman, G. T. Mogel, R. A. Robb, & D. Stredney (Eds.), Medicine Meets Virtual Reality 2000, (pp. 17-19). Amsterdam.
  63. Aiello, G. L., & Bach-y-Rita, P. (2001). Hebbian brain cell-assemblies:   nonsynaptic neurotransmission, space and energy considerations. In D. Cihan & A.L. Buczak & M. J. Embrechts & O. Ersoy & J. Ghosh & S. W. Kercel (Eds.), Intelligent Engineering Systems through Artificial Neural Networks (Vol. 11, pp. 441-447). New York: ASME Press.
  64. Bach-y-Rita, P. (in Press). Sensory prostheses: tactile visual substitution systems. In The Impending Paradigm Shift in Neurorehabilitation and Remediation: The Melding of Basic Research in Neuroscience and Behavioral Science to Produce Advances in Therapeutics, E. Taub, T. Elbert, & W. H. R. Miltner (Eds.), Kluwer.
  65. Bach-y-Rita, P. (2002). Sensory substitution and qualia. In  Vision and Mind, A. Noe & E. Thompson (Eds.),(pp. 497-514). Cambridge: MIT Press.
  66. Bach-y-Rita, P., Eriksson, P., Nilsson, M., & Rönnbåck, L. (2001). Det centrala nervsystemets plasticitet. In O. Höök (Ed.), Rehabilitirings Medicin, (4th ed., pp. 60-67). Stockholm: Liber.
  67. Bach-y-Rita, P. (2002). The brain's role in sensory substitution, Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress of Neurorehabilitation, (pp. 445-450). Bologna: Mondazzi.
  68. Bach-y-Rita, P. (2002). Brain Damage, Recovery From. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE HUMAN BRAIN. V. S. Ramachandran. New York, Academic Press. 1: 481-491.
  69. Bach-y-Rita, P., Kaczmarek, K. A., & Tyler, M. E. (2003). A Tongue-based Tactile Display for Portrayal of Environmental Characteristics. In L. Hettlinger & M. Haas (Eds.),   Psychological Issues in the Design and Use of Virtual and Adaptive Environments. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  70. Bach-y-Rita, P. (2004). Tactile Sensory Substitution Studies. In The Coevolution of Human Potential and Converging Technologies. MC Roco & CD Montemagno (eds). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 103:83-91.
  71. Kercel, S. W., & Bach-y-Rita, P. (2006). Noninvasive coupling of electronically generated data into the human nervous system. Wiley Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering, M. Akay (ed).

Project Directors

Our team is led by three project directors, Kurt Kaczmarek, Mitchell Tyler and Yuri Danilov, who have a combined total of 65 years of experience in neuroscience, biomedical science, and engineering. 

Our Research

Founded in 1992, the Tactile Com­mu­nication & Neurorehabilitation Laboratory (TCNL) is located at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

We are a research center that uses the experience of many different areas of science to study the theory and application of applied neuro­plasticity, the brain’s ability to re­or­ganize in response to new informa­tion, needs, and pathways.

Our research is aimed at developing solutions for sensory and motor disorder rehabilitation.