Paul Bach-y-Rita's Articles

Dr. Bach-y-Rita wrote and published many articles about neuroplasticity and related fields of neuroscience in a number of scientific journals and magazines. Please explore the last known list of Paul's articles if you wish to learn more about his work. 

  1. Bach-y-Rita, P. El sistema internuncial oculomotor.  Acta Neurol.  Latinoamer. 2:65 71, 1956.
  2. Olds, J., K.F. Killam-and P. Bach-y-Rita. Self-stimulation of the brain used as a screening method for tranquilizing drugs.  Science 124:265-266, 1956.
  3. Eliasson, S.G., J.E. Hyde and P. Bach-y-Rita.  Effects of intravenous thiopental on spontaneous and evoked eye movements in cats. Amer.  J. Physiol.194:203-208,1957.
  4. Alcocer-Cuaron, C., P. Bach-y-Rita, H. Brust-Carmona and R. Hernandez-Peon.  Effectos de la reserpina sobre las respuestas emocionales producidas por estimulation del systema limbico. Acta Neurol.  Latinoamer. 4:288-293, 1958.
  5. Bach-y-Rita, P. Extraocular proprioception. Acta Neurol. Latinoamer. 5:17-39, 1959.
  6. Bach-y-Rita, P., A.J. Hance and W.D. Winters.  Some effects of atropine and eserine on thalamocortical pathways.  Proc.  Western Pharmacol.  Soc. 3:69-79, 1960.
  7. Haley, T.J., P. Bach-y-Rita, R. Dickinson and K. Flygare.  Construction and implantation of a new type electrode for self-stimulation by rats.  J. Pharm.  Sci. 50:710-711, 1961.
  8. Haley, T.J., P. Bach-y-Rita and N. Komesu.  Effect of X-irradiation on self-stimulation of the brain. Nature 192:1307, 1961.
  9. Bach-y-Rita, P. Caracteristiques des activites evoquees dans diverses regions de la reticulee bulbaire et mesencephalique. J. Physiol. (Paris) 54:283-284, 1962.
  10. Bach-y-Rita, P. Caracteristiques des responses evoquees dans la formation reticulee pontique chez le Chat.  C.R. Soc.  Biol. (Paris) 154:1228-1230, 1962.
  11. Hance, A.J., W.D. Winters, P. Bach-y-Rita and K.F. Killam.  A neuropharmacological study of gamma-aminobutyrylcholine, gamma-aminobutyric acid, phyostigmine and atropine. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 140:385-395, 1963.
  12. Bach-y-Rita, P. Convergent and long latency unit responses in the reticular formation of the cat. Exp. Neurol. 9:327-344, 1964.
  13. Bach-y-Rita, P. and K. Murata. Extraocular proprioceptive responses in the Vi nerve of the cat.  Quart. J. Exp. Physiol. 49:407-416,1964.
  14. Murata, K., H. Cramer and P. Bach-y-Rita.  Neuronal convergence of noxious, acoustic and visual stimuli in the visual cortex of the cat.  J. Neurophysiol. 28:1223-1239, 1965.
  15. Bach-y-Rita, P. and F. Ito. In vivo microelectrode studies of the cat retractor bulbi fibers. Invest. Ophthal. 4:338-342, 1965.
  16. Bach-y-Rita, P. and F. Ito. In vivo studies on fast and slow muscle fibers in cat extraocular muscles. J. Gen. Physiol. 49:2277-2298, 1966.
  17. Bach-y-Rita, P. and F. Ito. Properties of stretch receptors in cat extraocular muscles. J. Physiol. 186:663-688, 1966.
  18. Bach-y-Rita, P., J.V. Levy and A. Steinacker. The effect of succinylcholine on the isolated retractor bulbi muscle of the cat.  J. Pharm. Pharmacol.19:180-181, 1967.
  19. Bach-y-Rita, P. Differential effects of succinylcholine on extraocular twitch and tetanic responses. Proc. Western Pharmacol. Soc.10:9-10, 1967.
  20. Bach-y-Rita, P. Neurophysiology of extraocular muscles. Invest.  Ophthal. 6:229-234, 1967.
  21. Bach-y-Rita, P. Motor innervation of eye muscles. Trans. Pacif. Cst. Oto-Ophthal. Soc. 48:79-87, 1967.
  22. Collins, C.C., P. Bach-y-Rita and D.R. Loeb. Intraocular pressure variation with oculorotary muscle tension. Amer. J. Physiol. 213:1039-1043, 1967.
  23. Bach-y-Rita, P. Sensory plasticity: Applications to a vision substitution   system. Acta Neurol. Scand. 43:417-426, 1967.
  24. Yamanaka, Y. and P. Bach-y-Rita. Conduction velocities in the abducens nerve correlated with vestibular nystagmus in cats. Exp. Neurol.             20:143-155, 1968.
  25. Bach-y-Rita, P., C.C. Collins and B.M. Tengroth. Influence of extraocular muscle co contracture on globe length. Amer. J. Ophthal. 66:906-908, 1968.
  26. Steinacker, A. and P. Bach-y-Rita. The fiber spectrum of the cat VI nerve to the lateral rectus and retractor bulbi muscles. Experientia (Basel) 24:1254-1255,1968.
  27. Bach-y-Rita. P. Algunas consideraciones neurofisiologicas de la substitucion sensorial. Acta Neurol. Latinoamer.14:125-131,1968.
  28. Bach-y-Rita, P. and C.C. Collins. Effect of continuous intravenous succinylcholine drip on intraocular pressure and extraocular muscle tension. Proc. West. Pharmacol. Soc.12:5-6,1969.
  29. Ito, F. and P. Bach-y-Rita. Afferent discharges from extraocular muscle in the squirrel monkey. Amer. J. Physiol. 217:332-335, 1969.
  30. Bach-y-Rita, P., C.C. Collins, F. Saunders, B. White and L. Scadden.  Vision substitution by tactile image projection. Nature 221:963-964, 1969.
  31. Bach-y-Rita, P., C.C. Collins, B. White, F.A. Saunders, L. Scadden and R. Blomberg. A tactile vision substitution system. Amer. J. Optom. 46:109-111, 1969.
  32. Eskildsen, P., A. Morris, C.C. Collins and P. Bach-y-Rita.  Simultaneous and successive cutaneous two-point thresholds for vibration.  Psychon. Sci. 14:146-147, 1969.
  33. Ito, F., P. Bach-y-Rita and Y. Yamanaka. Extraocular muscle intracellular and motor nerve responses to semicircular canal stimulation. Exp. Neurol. 24:438-449, 1969.
  34. Bach-y-Rita, P. Neurophysiological basis of a tactile vision substitution system. IEEE Trans. on Man-Machine Systems MMS.11:108-110, 1970.
  35. White, B.W., F.A. Saunders, L. Scadden, P. Bach-y-Rita and C.C. Collins.  Seeing with the skin. Perception and Psychophysics 7:23-27, 1970.
  36. Bach-y-Rita, P., C.C. Collins, L.A. Scadden, G.W. Holmlund and B.K. Hart.  Display techniques in a tactile vision substitution system. Med. Biol. Ill 20:6-12,1970.
  37. Yamanaka, Y. and P. Bach-y-Rita. Relations between extraocular muscle contractions and extension times in each phase of nystagmus. Exp. Neurol. 27:57-65, 1970.
  38. Bach-y-Rita, P. Succinylcholine-induced antidromic motor nerve and extraocular muscle responses in the cat. Arch. Ital. Biol.108:598-602, 1970.
  39. Bach-y-Rita, P. and C.C. Collins. Sensory substitution systems using the skin for the input to the brain. J. Audio Engr. Soc.19:427-429, 1971.
  40. Bach-y-Rita, P. Extraocular muscle inhibitory stretch reflex during active contraction. Arch. Ital. Biol.1 10: 1-15, 1972.
  41. Collins, C.C. and P. Bach-y-Rita. Transmission of pictorial information through the skin. Advan. Biol. Med. Phys.14:285-315, 1973.
  42. Bach-y-Rita, P. Extraocular proprioception and muscle function. Bibl.  Ophthal. 82:56 60, 1972.
  43. Collins, C.C. and P. Bach-y-Rita. Succinylcholine, ocular pressure and extraocular muscle tension in cats and rabbits. J. Appl.  Physiol. 33:788-791, 1972.
  44. Feinsod, M., P. Bach-y-Rita and J.M. Madey. Somatosensory evoked responses Latency differences in blind and sighted persons. Brain Research 60:219-223,1973.
  45. Feinsod, M., P. Bach-y-Rita, J.M. Madey and E. Simoes. "On" and "off" components in the human somatosensory evoked response. Perception 2:377-383, 1973.
  46. Yamanaka, Y. and P. Bach-y-Rita.  Rise time course of eye muscle contraction in vestibular nystagmus. Jap. J. Otolaryng. 76:11-15, 1973.
  47. Bach-y-Rita, P. Visual information through the skin-A tactile vision substitution system. Trans. Amer. Acad. Ophthal. Otolaryng. 78:729-740, 1974.
  48. Lennerstrand, G. and P. Bach-y-Rita. Activation of slow motor units by threshold stimulation of cat eye muscle nerves. Invest. Ophthal. 13:879-882, 1974.
  49. Lennerstrand, G. and P. Bach-y-Rita. Spindle responses in pig eye muscle. Acta Physiol. Scand. 90:795-797,1974.
  50. Bach-y-Rita, P. and G. Lennerstrand. Absence of polyneuronal innervation in cat extraocular muscles. J. Physiol. 244:13-24, 1975.
  51. Bach-y-Rita, P. Theory transfer between the laboratory and clinic: Methodology, pitfalls and rewards. Fed. Proc. 35:2421-2425, 1976.
  52. Bach-y-Rita, P., G. Lennerstrand, J. Alvarado, K. Nichols and G. McHolm.  Extraocular muscle fibers: Ultrastructural identification of iontophoretically labelled fibers contracting to succinylcholine. Inves.  Ophthal.16:561-569, 1977.
  53. Bach-y-Rita, P. The practicality of sensory aids. Int. Rehab. Med.1:87-89, 1979.
  54. Bach-y-Rita, P. Central nervous system lesions: Sprouting and unmasking in rehabilitation.  Arch.  PM&R, 62:413-417, 1981.
  55. Bach-Y-Rita, P. Brain plasticity as a basis of the development of rehabilitation procedures for hemiplegia.  Scand.  J. Rehab.  Med. 13:73-83, 1981.
  56. Bach-y-Rita, P., R. Balliet, J. Arieta, B. Long and J. Titus. Rehabilitation medicine management in aphasia. J. Seminars in Speech, Language, and Hearing 2:259-267, 1981.
  57. Balliet, R., J.B. Shinn and P. Bach-y-Rita. Facial paralysis rehabilitation: Retraining selective muscle control. Intern. J. Rehabil. Med. 4:67-74, 1982.
  58. Bach-y-Rita, P. Tactile vision substitution: past and future.  Intern.  J. Neuroscience 19:29-36, 1983.
  59. Bach-y-Rita, P. Controlling variables eliminates hemianopsia rehabilitation results. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3:448, 1983.
  60. Balliet, R., K. Blood and P. Bach-y-Rita. Visual field rehabilitation in the cortically blind? Neuro. Neurosurg. & Psychiatry 48:1113-1124, 1985.
  61. Kaczmarek, K., P. Bach-y-Rita, W. Tompkins and J. Webster. A tactile vision substitution system for the blind: computer-controlled partial image sequencing. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, BME-32:602-608, 1985.
  62. Schneider, S.L., B. Hughes, W. Epstein and P. Bach-y-Rita.  The detection of length and orientation changes in dynamic vibrotactile patterns.  Perception and Psychophysics 40(5):290-300, 1986.
  63. Epstein, W., B. Hughes, S. Schneider and P. Bach-y-Rita. "Is there anything out there?: A study of distal attribution in response to vibrotactile stimulation." Perception 15:275-284, 1986.
  64. Bach-y-Rita, P. Research fellowships-the key to the development of the specialty of rehabilitation medicine. J. Neurol. Rehab. 2:87-90, 1987.
  65. Bach-y-Rita, P. Brain plasticity as a basis of sensory substitution. J. Neuro. Rehab. 2:67-71, 1987.
  66. Frisken-Gibson, S., P. Bach-y-Rita, W.J. Tompkins and J.G. Webster. A 64-solenoid, four-level fingertip search display for the blind.  IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 34:963-965, 1987.
  67. Miletic, G., B. Hughes and P. Bach-y-Rita. Vibrotactile stimulation: an educational program for spatial concept development. J. Vis. Impair. and Blindness 366-370, Nov. 1988.
  68. Epstein, W., B. Hughes, S.L. Schneider and P. Bach-y-Rita. Perceptual learning of spatiotemporal events: evidence from an unfamiliar modality. J. Exper. Psychol., Human Percept. & Performance 15:28-44, 1989.
  69. Bach-y-Rita, P. Theory-based neurorehabilitation (commentary). Arch.  Phys. Med. Rehab. 70:162,1989.
  70. Boyeson, M.G. and P. Bach-y-Rita. Determinants of brain plasticity. J. Neurol. Rehab. 3:35-57,1989.
  71. Bach-y-Rita, P. Physiological considerations in sensory enhancement and substitution. Europa Medicophysica; 25:107-128, 1989.
  72. Bach-y-Rita, P. and E. Wicab Bach-y-Rita.  Biological and psychosocial factors in recovery from brain damage in humans.  Canadian J. Psychol. 44:148-165, 1990.
  73. Bach-y-Rita, P. Brain plasticity as a basis for recovery of function in humans. Neuropsychologia 28:547-554, 1990.
  74. Zhu, H., N. Maalej, J.G. Webster, W.J. Tompkins, P. Bach-y-Rita and J. Wertsch. An umbilical data-acquisition system for measuring pressures between the foot and shoe. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering; 37:908-911, 1990.
  75. Bach-y-Rita, P. and E. Wicab-Bach-y-Rita. Hope and active patient participation in the rehabilitation environment. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehab. 71:1084-1085, 1990.
  76. Bach-y-Rita, P. Receptor plasticity and volume transmission in the brain: emerging concepts with relevance to neurologic rehabilitation. J. Neurol. Rehab. 4:121-128, 1990.
  77. Bach-y-Rita, P. Timing and organization of neurorehabilitation.  Giornale Ital. Med. Riabil. 5:321-322, 1990.
  78. Bach-y-Rita, P. and B. Bjelke. Lasting recovery of motor function, following brain damage, with a single dose of amphetamine combined with physical therapy; changes in gene expression? Scand. J. Rehab.  Med. 23:219-220, 1991.
  79. Kaczmarek, K.A., J.G. Webster, P. Bach-y-Rita and W.J. Tompkins.  Electrotactile and vibrotactile displays for sensory substitution systems. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering; 38:1-16, 1991.
  80. Bach-y-Rita, P., and E.W. Bach-y-Rita. Psychosocial and environmental factors in recovery of function following brain damage: possible neural mechanisms. Ann, Readaptation Med. Phys. 35:315-319, 1992.
  81. de Pedro-Cuesta, J., L. Widen-Holmqvist and P. Bach-y-Rita. Evaluation of stroke rehabilitation by randomized controlled studies: a review.  Act Neurol Scand 81:433-439, 1992.
  82. Bach-y-Rita, P. and L. Illis. Spinal shock: possible role of receptor plasticity and volume transmission. Paraplegia 31:82-87, 1993.
  83. Bach-y-Rita, P. and C.U.M. Smith. Comparative efficiency of volume and synaptic transmission in the coerulean system: relevance to neurologic rehabilitation. Scand, J. Rehab Med. 25:3-5, 1993.
  84. Bach-y-Rita, P. Neurotransmission in the brain by diffusion through the extracellular fluid. NeuroReport 4:343-350, 1993.
  85. Bach-y-Rita, P. Recovery from brain damage.  J Neurol Rehab 6:191-199, 1992.
  86. de-Pedro-Cuesta, J., Sanström, B., Holm, M., Stawiarz, L., Widen-Holqvist, L., & Bach-y-Rita, P. Stroke rehabilitation: Identification of target groups and planning data. Scand. J. Rehab. Med., 25, 107-116, 1993.
  87. Widen-Holqvist, L., de-Pedro-Cuesta, J., Holm, M., Sandstróm, B., Hellblom, A., Stawiarz, L., & Bach-y-Rita, P. Stroke rehabilitation in Stockholm. Basis for intervention in patients living at home. Scand. J. Rehab. Med., 25, 173-181, 1993.
  88. Bach-y-Rita, P. Nonsynaptic diffusion neurotransmission (NDN) in the brain. Neurochem. Int. 23:297-318, 1993.
  89. Bach-y-Rita, P. Possible role of nonsynaptic diffusion neurotransmission (NDN) and receptor plasticity in shoulder-hand and autonomic dysreflexia syndromes. Scand J Rehab Med. 26:33-35, 1994.
  90. Bach-y-Rita, P. Psychopharmacologic drugs: Mechanisms of action (Letter). Science, 264, 642-644, 1994.
  91. Bach-y-Rita, P.  The brain beyond the synapse: A review. NeuroReport, 5,1553-1557, 1994.
  92. Bach-y-Rita, P. Nonsynaptic diffusion neurotransmission: a novel concept for future migraine research. Cephalalgia, 14:396-400, 1994.
  93. Bach-y-Rita, P. Nonsynaptic diffusion neurotransmission and brain plasticity. The Neuroscientist 5:1-3, 1996.
  94. Bach-y-Rita, P. Conservation of Space and Energy in the Brain. Restor. Neurol. Neurosci. 10:1-3, 1996.
  95. Bach-y-Rita, P., & Aiello, G. L.  Nerve length and volume in synaptic versus difussion neurotransmission: a model. NeuroReport, 7:502-1504, 1996.
  96. Aiello, G. L., & Bach-y-Rita, P. Brain cell microenvironment effects on neuron excitability and basal metabolism. NeuroReport  8:1165-1168, 1997.
  97. Kaczmarek, K., M. Tyler and P. Bach-y-Rita. Pattern identification on a fingertip-scanned electrotactile display" 19th Annu. Int. Conf. of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS), 19, 1997.
  98. Bach-y-Rita, P. Non-synaptic diffusion neurotransmission. In: Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, 2nd Edition (CD-ROM). Adelman G and Smith BH, (Eds). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 1997.
  99. Bach-y-Rita, P., Kaczmarek, K., Tyler, M.E., & Garcia-Lara, J. Form perception with a 49-point electrotactile stimulus array on the tongue. J Rehab Res Develop. 35:427-430, 1998.
  100. Bach-y-Rita, P. Nonsynaptic diffusion neurotransmission and some other emerging concepts. Proc. Western Pharmacol. Soc. 41:211-218, 1998.
  101. Bach-y-Rita, P., Kaczmarek, K., & Meier, K.  The tongue as a man-machine interface: a wireless communication system. , Proceedings of the 1998 Internat. Symp. on Info Theory & its Applications, 79-81, 1998.
  102. Deitz, J., Quatrano, L., Peckham, P. H., Bach-y-Rita, P., Cooper, L., Joe, J. Review of the NCMRR Grant Portfolio: The First Five Years. Arch Phys.Med & Rehab, 80:481-484, 1999.
  103. Bach-y-Rita, P. Theoretical aspects of sensory substitution and of neurotransmitter-related reorganization in spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 37:465-474, 1999.
  104. Bach-y-Rita, P., & Tyler, M. Tongue man-machine interface. In J. D. Westwood, H. M. Hoffman, G. T. Mogel, R. A. Robb, & D. Stredney (Eds.), Medicine Meets Virtual Reality 2000, (pp. 17-19). Amsterdam: IOS, 2000.
  105. Bach-y-Rita, P. Conceptual issues relevant to present and future neurologic rehabilitation. In H. Levin & J. Grafman (Eds.), Neuroplasticity and reorganization of function after brain injury, (pp. 357-379). New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
  106. Bach-y-Rita, P., & Bach-y-Rita, E. W. Bases científicas de la rehabilitación neurológica tardía. Rehabilitación, 34:327-334, 2000.   
  107. Bach-y-Rita, P., & Bach-y-Rita, E. W. Bases científicas de la rehabilitación neurológica tardía. Rehabilitación, 34, 327-334, 2000.
  108. Aiello, G. L., & Bach-y-Rita, P. The cost of an action potential. J  Neurosci Methods, 103:145-149, 2000.
  109. Bach-y-Rita, P. Nonsynaptic diffusion neurotransmission in the brain: Functional considerations. Neurochem. Res., 26:871-873, 2001.
  110. Bach-y-Rita, P. Theoretical and practical considerations in the restoration of functions following stroke. Topics in Stroke Rehab. 8:1-15, 2001.
  111. Bach-y-Rita, P., & Aiello, G. L.  Brain energetics and evolution. Brain and Behavioral Sciences, 24:280-1, 2001.
  112. Sampaio, E., Maris, S., & Bach-y-Rita, P.  Brain Plasticity : "Visual" Acuity of Blind Persons via the Tongue. Brain Research, 908, 204-207, 2001.
  113. Leder, R., Murillo, N., Pimentel-Ibarra, C., Campos-Gushiken, H.,   Mondragón-Anaya, G., Olivera-Escalona, C., Sebastián-Núñez, I., Gómez-Álvarez, A., Tyler, M. E., & Bach-y-Rita, P. Computer game motivating rehabilitation with objective measures of improvement. Proc. EMBC2001 23rd Annu. Internat. Conf. IEEE Engin. Med. Biol. Soc. CD proceedings 3.6.2-10, 2001.
  114. Aiello, G. L., & Bach-y-Rita, P. Hebbian brain cell-assemblies: nonsynaptic neurotransmission, space and energy considerations. In D. Cihan, A.L. Buczak, M. J. Embrechts, O. Ersoy, J. Ghosh, & S. W. Kercel (Eds.), Intelligent Engineering Systems through Artificial Neural Networks, 11:441-447. New York: ASME Press, 2001.
  115. Bach-y-Rita, P. Recovery From Brain Damage. In V. S. Ramachandran (Ed.), ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE HUMAN BRAIN. New York: Academic Press, 2002.
  116. Bach-y-Rita, P., & Haase, S. The role of the brain in perception. BBS 24, 975, 2002.
  117. Bach-y-Rita, P., Wood, S., Leder, R., Paredes, O., Bahr, D., & Murillo, N. Computer-assisted motivating rehabilitation (CAMR) for institutional, home, and educational late stroke programs. Topics Stroke Rehab. 8:1-10, 2002.
  118. Wood, S. R., Murillo, N., Bach-y-Rita, P., Leder, R., Marks, J., & Page, S. J. Motivating, Game-Based Stroke Rehabilitation: A Brief Report. Topics Stroke Rehabil. 10(2):134-140, 2003.
  119. Colotla, V. A. and Bach-y-Rita, P. “Shepherd Ivory Franz: His Contributions to Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation e.” Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience 2:141-148, 2002.            
  120. Bach-y-Rita, P. Volume transmission and brain plasticity. Evolution and Cognition, 8:115-122, 2002.
  121. Bach-y-Rita, P., Tyler, M. E., & Kaczmarek, K. A. Seeing with the Brain. Internat. J. Human-Computer Interaction, 15:285-295, 2003.
  122. Bach-y-Rita, P. Nonsynaptic diffusion neurotransmission in the Brain. In G. Adelman & B. H. Smith (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, (Third ed., Vol. Elsevier, ). Amsterdam. [on CD Rom], 2003.
  123. Bach-y-Rita, P.  Theoretical basis for brain plasticity after a TBI. Brain Injury, 17:643-651, 2003.
  124. Bach-y-Rita, P., & Kercel, S. W. Sensori-"motor" coupling by observed and imagined movement. Intellectica(35), 2003.
  125. Bach-y-Rita, P. Late post-acute neurologic rehabilitation: neuroscience, engineering and clinical programs. Arch Phys Med Rehab, 84:1100-1108, 2003.
  126. Bach-y-Rita, P., Tyler, M. E., & Kaczmarek, K. A. Seeing with the Brain. Internat. J. Human-Computer Interaction, 15(2): 285-295, 2003.
  127. Tyler, M. E., Danilov, Y., & Bach-y-Rita, P. Closing an open-loop control system: Vestibular substitution through the tongue. J. Integrative Neurosci. 2(2):159-166, 2003.
  128. Castañeda, G., & Bach-y-Rita, P. Volume Transmission and Pain Perception. The Scientific World Journal URL:, 3:677-683, 2003.
  129. Bach-y-Rita, P. Volume transmission and brain plasticity. Evolution and Cognition, 8:115-122, 2002.
  130. Bach-y-Rita, P. Comment on "Plasticite du comportment moteur chez les patients cerebro-leses" by Agnes Roby Brami. Intellectica, 36-37:373-377, 2003.
  131. Bach-y-Rita, P., & Kercel, S. W. Sensory Substitution and the Human-Machine Interface. TICS, 7:541-546, 2003.
  132. Bach-y-Rita, P. Modern late neurologic rehabilitation: neuroscience and motivating functional rehabilitation. In J. M. Delgado-García & T. Herdegen & A. Privat (Eds.), Brain Damage and Repair.  From molecular research to clinical therapy. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publisher(D):473-482, 2004.
  133. Bach-y-Rita, P. Is It Possible to Restore Function With Two Percent Surviving Neural Tissue? J. Integrative Neurosci.3(1): 3-6, 2004.
  134. Bach-y-Rita, P., Danilov Y.P., Tyler M.E., Grimm, R.J. Late Human Brain Plasticity: Vestibular Substitution with a Tongue BrainPort Human-Machine Interface. J Intellectica. 40:115-122, 2005.
  135. Danilov, Y.P., Tyler, M.E., Skinner, K.L., Hogle, R.A., Bach-y-Rita, P. Efficacy of electrotactile vestibular substitution in patients with peripheral and central vestibular loss. J. Vestib. Research, 17(2-3):119-130, 2007.

Project Directors

Our team is led by three project directors, Kurt Kaczmarek, Mitchell Tyler and Yuri Danilov, who have a combined total of 65 years of experience in neuroscience, biomedical science, and engineering. 

Our Research

Founded in 1992, the Tactile Com­mu­nication & Neurorehabilitation Laboratory (TCNL) is located at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

We are a research center that uses the experience of many different areas of science to study the theory and application of applied neuro­plasticity, the brain’s ability to re­or­ganize in response to new informa­tion, needs, and pathways.

Our research is aimed at developing solutions for sensory and motor disorder rehabilitation.