Our research is described and reported in a variety of sources: scientific literature, press articles, books, video presentations, and online lectures. Please explore these links to learn more.


PoNS featured on KSTP Minneapolis from TCNL on Vimeo.

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TCNL in the News

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Books and Book Chapters

Books By Us

  1. Bach-y-Rita, P. (1995) Nonsynaptic Diffusion Neurotransmission and Late Brain Reorganization Demos, New York.
  2. Bach-y-Rita, P. (1989) (ed.). Traumatic Brain Iniury. Demos Publications, New York, pp. 331.
  3. Bach-y-Rita, P. (1979) Brain Mechanisms in Sensory Substitution. Academic Press, New York, 1972.  Spanish Edition: Mecanismos Cerebrales de la Sustitucion Sensorial. Editorial Trillas, Mex.  D.F., pp. 214.

Book Chapters About Us

  1. Doidge, N. (2015) The Device That Resets the Brain. In The brain's way of healing: Remarkable discoveries from the frontiers of neuroplasticity. New York, NY: Penguin Group, pp. 226-279.
  2. Featured in Jackson, Donna M. (2008) Phenomena: Secrets of the Senses. Little, Brown and Company, pp. 136-144. ISBN 978-0-316-01135-8
  3. Featured in McCredie, Scott. (2007) Balance: In Search of the Lost Sense. Little, Brown and Company, pp. 242-263. ISBN 978-0-316-16649-2

Book Chapters By Us

  1. Danilov, Y., K. Kaczmarek, K. Skinner and M. Tyler (2015). Cranial nerve noninvasive neuromodulation: New approach to neurorehabilitation. Brain neurotrauma: Molecular, neuropsychological, and rehabilitation aspects. F. H. Kobeissy and S. W. Hoffman, CRC Press: 603-628.
  2. Danilov, Y.P., Tyler, M.E., and Kaczmarek, K.A. (2008) Vestibular Sensory Substitution Using Tongue Electrotactile Display. In Human Haptic Perception: Basics and Applications, Martin Grunwald (ed), Birkhauser Verlag. pp. 467-480. 
  3. Bach-y-Rita, P., Kaczmarek, K., & Tyler, M. (2003) A Tongue-based Tactile Display for Portrayal of Environmental Characteristics. In L. Hettlinger & M. Haas (eds.), Psychological Issues in the Design and Use of Virtual and Adaptive Environments., Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 169-186.

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Scientific Publications

  1. Wildenberg, J. C., Tyler, M. E., Danilov, Y. P., Kaczmarek, K. A. and Meyerand, M. E. (2011). Group-ICA detects normalization of the motion-sensitive brain network by electrical tongue stimulation in balance-impaired subjects. Brain Connectivity.
  2. Kaczmarek, K.A. (2011). The tongue display unit for electrotactile spatiotemporal pattern presentation. Scientia Iranica D. 18, 1476-1485.
  3. J. C. Wildenberg, M. E. Tyler, Y. P. Danilov, K. A. Kaczmarek, and M. E. Meyerand (2010), "Sustained cortical and subcortical neuromodulation induced by electrical tongue stimulation," Brain Imaging Behav. 4, pp. 199-211.
    PMID2061420 | SpringerLink | PDF Reproduced with permission of Springer
  4. C. L. Lozano, K. A. Kaczmarek and M. Santello (2009), "Electrotactile stimulation on the tongue: Intensity perception, discrimination and cross-modality estimation," Somatosens. Mot. Res. 26(2), pp. 50-63. PMC2839388, NIHMS176205.
  5. Schaning, M.A. and Kaczmarek, K.A. (2008). A high-voltage bipolar voltage-to-current converter (HVB-VIC) for use in electrotactile stimulation. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 55, pp. 2433-2443. PMC2586184

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Conference Papers

  1. Danilov, Y. P., M. E. Tyler, K. A. Kaczmarek and K. L. Skinner (2014). New approach to neurorehabilitation: Cranial nerve noninvasive neuromodulation (CN-NINM) technology. Proc. SPIE. 
  2. Danilov, Y, Skinner, K, Subbotin, A., Verbny, Y, Tyler, M, Kaczmarek, K. (2014) Cranial Nerve Non-Invasive Neuromodulation for Symptomatic Treatment of Mild and Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury. International Brain Injury Association's Tenth World Congress on Brain Injury, San Francisco, CA, March 19-22. (poster)
  3. Danilov, Y, Skinner, K, Subbotin, A., Verbny, Y, Tyler, M, Kaczmarek, K. (2013). Effects of CN-NINM intervention on chronic stroke rehabilitation: a case study. Society for Neuroscience Annual Mtg., San Diego, California, Nov 9-14. (poster)

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Project Directors

Our team is led by three project directors, Kurt Kaczmarek, Mitchell Tyler and Yuri Danilov, who have a combined total of 65 years of experience in neuroscience, biomedical science, and engineering. 

Our Research

Founded in 1992, the Tactile Com­mu­nication & Neurorehabilitation Laboratory (TCNL) is located at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

We are a research center that uses the experience of many different areas of science to study the theory and application of applied neuro­plasticity, the brain’s ability to re­or­ganize in response to new informa­tion, needs, and pathways.

Our research is aimed at developing solutions for sensory and motor disorder rehabilitation.